- Quadriceps/ Patellar Tendinopathy (a reactive irritation and thickening of the tendon due to being overloaded, very common with, but not exclusive to, runners and sports people)
- Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS) (compressive forces in the knee joint, usually aggravated by climbing, walking, descending stairs and sitting for long periods)
- Fat Pad Impingement (irritation and compression of the fat pad behind the patella, usually worse when the knee is fully extended)
- Osgood Schlatter's Disease (OSD) (pain between the quadricep tendon and bone of the tibia, common mostly in younger athletes and children)
- Acute Injuries (can occur in structures such as ligament, muscle, bone and cartilage)
- Nerve entrapment (compression of a nerve due to muscular tightness)
- Osteoarthritis (gradual decrease of the knee's cartilage resulting in inflammation and pain, very common in the older population)
- Bursitis (irritation of fluid filled sacs that usually prevent friction).
- Pain referred from a hip displacement (very rare and occurs in younger children)
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